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Title: In vitro cellular response and in vivo osteointegration studies on nanostructured metallic titanium implants
Researcher: Divya Rani, V V
Guide(s): Nair, Shantikumar V
Menon, Deepthy
Keywords: Implant failure
Physical vapor Deposition
Cell Culture
Molecular Medicine
Upload Date: 5-Oct-2012
University: Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham (University)
Completed Date: February 2012
Abstract: An important aspect of orthopedic implant integration is the enhancement of functional activity of osteoblasts at the tissue-implant interface without any fibrous tissue intervention. Nanostructured implant surfaces are known to enhance osteoblast activity. Objective of this thesis work is to develop simple and cost effective method for the fabrication of nanostructures on titanium implants showing good biocompatibility and compare the influence of different nanostructures on osteoblast response in vitro as well as in vivo. A set of nonperiodic structures ranging from mesoporous, nanoscaffolds, nanoflowers, nanoneedles, nanorods and octahedral bipyramids were fabricated by systematically tuning the hydrothermal conditions such as reaction medium composition, concentration, temperature and time duration. All nanomodified titanium surfaces were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy, Energy Dispersive Analysis, X-ray Diffraction, Transmission Electron Microscopy, High Resolution TEM and Electron Diffraction. Surface area analysis by dye adsorption test showed that all the nanosurface modified samples have an increased surface area in comparison to polished Ti surface. Adhesion strength analysis using microscratch test revealed good adhesion strength of nanoscaffold and nanoneedular structures. Further a detailed in vitro cellular response as well as in vivo osteointegration studies was carried out on selected nanostructures such as nanoscaffold (NS), nanoleaf (NL), Nanoneedles (NN) in comparison to electrochemically modified nanotube (NT) as well as control polished Ti (NP). Our studies showed that, a specific surface nanomorphology, viz., nanoleaves, which is a network of vertically aligned, non-periodic, leaf-like structures with thickness in the nanoscale, provided a distinct increase in osteoblast cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and collagen synthesis, compared to several other types of nanomorphologies such as nanotubes, nanoscaffold and nanoneedles.
Pagination: 144p.
Appears in Departments:Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre

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01_title.pdfAttached File184.82 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_declaration.pdf31.98 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_certificates.pdf51.09 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_dedication.pdf37.47 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_table of contents.pdf116.73 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_acknowledgements.pdf26.95 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_abstract.pdf21.71 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_abbreviations.pdf64.1 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_list of figures.pdf94.05 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_list of tables.pdf44.97 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapter 1.pdf690.4 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter 2 3 4.pdf9.94 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_chapter 5.pdf66.52 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_annexture.pdf181.5 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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