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Title: Livelihood sustainability of migrant labourers from Bihar in North East India and#760; a comparative study of Assam and Sikkim
Researcher: Mishra, Sneha
Guide(s): Singha, Komol
Keywords: Bihari Migrants
North- Eastern Region
Social Sciences,Economics and Business
University: Sikkim University
Completed Date: 2019
Abstract: The present study attempts to assess the livelihood sustainability of the Bihari migrant newlinelabourers in the two states of NER Sikkim and Assam. Bihar is the state in India where development deficit is very high, and because of the lack of economic newlineopportunities, the labourers from the rural areas are bound to migrate to other states in order to improve their economic status. What we have understood from this study is that the migration, over the years, has slowly become a way of life for the rural people of Bihar. Despite odd circumstances like distance from home, conflicts, unwelcoming attitude of the local towards the migrants, poor labour laws, little apathy from the newlinegovernment, lack of facilities, etc. the Bihari migrant labourers have been living in NER. The study found that the push factor dominates over the pull and network newlinefactors in making the rural Bihari unemployed/underemployed people to migrate.From the findings we arrive at a judgement that the conditions at the destination do not necessarily impact the decision of the migrants while choosing the place to migrate. The migrants hardly bother about the conflicts that take place at the destination, especially in Assam because they are driven by economic opportunity at the destination. As long as the place attracts them with employment opportunities and provide them better livelihood they do not care about the attitude of the local and difficulties at the destination. In a similar manner, the sustainability of Bihari labour newlinemigrants majorly depends upon the savings they do. They tend to maximize the savings so that they can send maximum portion of the savings back at home and it newlineacts as a major force to make the migrants sustain their lives at destination despite of all their hardships. Another important factor to make the migrants sustain their lives at destination is the income difference which acts as one of the main driving forces.By higher income difference it is meant the difference in income at origin (earnings at the time of departure at origin)
Pagination: xv, 171 p.
Appears in Departments:Department of Economics

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02_certificate.pdf366.62 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_declaration.pdf165.21 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_acknowledgement.pdf173.49 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_contents.pdf73.54 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_list_of_tables.pdf15.08 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_list_of_figures.pdf10.73 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
08_abbreviations.pdf11.96 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_abstract.pdf65.71 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_chapter1.pdf268.83 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapter2.pdf223.43 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter3.pdf256.97 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_chapter4.pdf359.76 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_chapter5.pdf549.75 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_chapter6.pdf420.05 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_chapter7.pdf428.33 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
17_chapter8.pdf199.88 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
18_references.pdf399.82 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
19_appendix.pdf238.15 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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