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Title: Molecular cloning characterization and inhibition studies on sucrose phosphate synthase gene functions in the indian potato cultivars
Researcher: Taneja, Dhakshi
Guide(s): Das, Niranjan
Keywords: Life Sciences,Microbiology,Biotechnology and Applied Microbiology
University: Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology
Completed Date: 2014
Abstract: Sucrose phosphate synthase (SPS, EC is a key enzyme in sucrose biosynthesis in both photosynthetic and nonphotosynthetic tissues of plants.It is encoded by different gene families. SPS exists in multiple forms which show differential distributions and functional specializations in the plant tissues. SPS activity is highly regulated by hierarchy of mechanisms including posttranslational modifications via phosphorylation, and allosteric control by the metabolic effectors,such as glucose-6-phosphate (Glc-6-P) (activator) and inorganic phosphate (Pi) (inhibitor). In this study, we report an isolation of a cDNA clone (designated SPS-C1 3,591 bp) encoding a distinct full-length SPS A form consisting of 1,054 amino acids (designated KC-SPS1) from a commercially important Indian potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cultivar, Kufri Chipsona-1 by RT-PCR approach using tuber RNA. This was first report from an Indian potato cultivar.Sequence analyses and comparison of the SPS sequences from the Solanaceae family members namely, potato, tobacco and tomato revealed many distinct features within and between the SPS gene families not documented earlier. Phylogenetic tree was made based on a large number of full-length SPS sequences from taxonomically different plant species. SPS expression level was studied in the leaves and tubers from some of the Indian potato cultivars by semi-quantitative RT-PCR, protein blot analyses, and assaying extractable SPS activities.The role of SPS is well-recognized in cold-induced sweetening in the potato tubers. Sucrose accumulation in the cold-stored tubers is usually correlated with higher SPS activities. For inhibition of SPS gene function, a number of antisense/sense binary genetic constructs were made using the different regions of the cDNA clone, SPS-C1 under both constitutive CaMV 35S and tuber-specific GBSSI promoters. Based on the cv. Kufri Chipsona-1, transgenic potato plants were generated using these constructs. newline
Pagination: 141p.
Appears in Departments:Department of Biotechnology

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