Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Study of processes following L and M shell photoionization using EDXRF technique and analytical application
Researcher: Chauhan, Yogeshwar
Guide(s): Sanjeev Puri
Keywords: Physics
Upload Date: 31-Jul-2013
University: Punjabi University
Completed Date: 2012
Abstract: The present thesis pertains to study of physical parameters characterizing the processes following L and M shell photoionization. The investigations involve study of the Li(i=1-3) sub-shell X-ray production (XRP) cross-sections and fluorescence yields for some rare-earth elements, the Mi(i=1-5) sub-shell XRP cross-sections and fluorescence and Coster-Kronig yields for heavy elements. As an application of the EDXRF technique the soil and vegetation (maize crop) samples were analyzed for major and trace elements in order to study the affect of the herbicide. The processes following atomic inner-shell photoionization are described by different physical parameters, namely, the photoionization cross-sections, X-ray, Auger and Coster-Kronig transition rates, Fluorescence and Coster-Kronig yields and vacancy transfer probabilities. These parameters are also required to calculate the Li(i=1-3) and Mi(i=1-5) sub-shell X-ray production cross-sections (XRP), which in turn, are required for different applications. The current status of these physical parameters has been presented in the Chapter 1. The energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) spectrometer available at RRCAT, Indore was used for the present work. It involves a sealed annular source of 109Cd (25mCi) procured from Eckert and Ziegler, Isotope Products, France, and a Si(Li) detector (Eurisys-CANBERRA-SL12155, 12.5mm2×2mm; energy resolution ~155eV at 5.9 keV, Be window 0.025mm thick) coupled to PC based multichannel analyzer through a spectroscopy amplifier. The details of excitation source, X-ray detector and PC based multichannel analyzer are given in Chapter 2. The photo peak efficiency of the Si(Li) detector in the annular source geometry over the energy region 3-17 keV was determined by measuring the K X-ray yields from the elemental targets of TiO2 K2Cr2O7, MnO2, Co(NO3)2 .6H2O, NiCl2 .6H2O, CuO, ZnSO4.7H2O, As2O3, Se, SrCO3, MoO3 and from knowledge of K X-ray fluorescence cross-sections. The details of evaluation procedures are given in this chapter.
Pagination: 160p.
Appears in Departments:Department of Physics

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
01_title.pdfAttached File41.44 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02_dedication.pdf23.59 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
03_certificate.pdf98.37 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
04_declaration.pdf125.88 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
05_acknowledgements.pdf39.09 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
06_contents.pdf319.61 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
07_list of figures.pdf112.89 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
09_list of tables.pdf316.15 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
10_list of publications.pdf311.12 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
11_chapter 1.pdf452.74 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
12_chapter 2.pdf620.68 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
13_chapter 3.pdf607.47 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
14_chapter 4.pdf533.75 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
15_chapter 5.pdf4.34 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
16_chapter 6.pdf423.93 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
17_abstract.pdf326.21 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in Shodhganga are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.